Transoral outlet reduction with full thickness endoscopic suturing for weight regain after gastric bypass: a large multicenter international experience and meta-analysis.

Vargas EJ1Bazerbachi F1Rizk M1Rustagi T2Acosta A1Wilson EB3Wilson T3Neto MG4Zundel N4Mundi MS5Collazo-Clavell ML5Meera S5Abu-Lebdeh HS5Lorentz PA5Grothe KB6Clark MM6Kellogg TA7McKenzie TJ7Kendrick ML7Topazian MD1Gostout CJ1Abu Dayyeh BK8.

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Many patients who undergo bariatric surgery will experience weight regain and effective strategies are needed to help these patients. A dilated gastrojejunal anastomosis (GJA) has been associated with weight recidivism after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). Endoscopic transoral outlet reduction (TORe) with a full thickness endoscopic suturing device (Overstitch, Apollo Endosurgery, Austin, TX) is a minimally invasive therapeutic option. The primary aim of this project was to examine the safety and long-term efficacy data from three bariatric surgery centers and to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the existing literature.


Patients who underwent TORe with the Overstitch device from Jan 2013 to Nov 2016 at 3 participating bariatric surgery centers were included in the multicenter analysis. For the systematic review and meta-analysis, a comprehensive search of multiple English databases was conducted. Random effects model was used.


130 consecutive patients across three centers underwent TORe with an endolumenal suturing device. These patients (mean age 47; mean BMI 36.8) had experienced 24.6% weight regain from nadir weight after RYGB. Average weight lost at 6, 12, and 18 months after TORe was 9.31 ± 6.7 kg (N = 84), 7.75 ± 8.4  kg (N = 70), 8 ± 8.8 kg (N = 46) (p < 0.01 for all three time points), respectively. The meta-analysis included 330 patients. The pooled weight lost at 12 months was 8.4 kg (95% CI 6.5-10.3) with no significant heterogeneity across included studies (p = 0.07). Overall, 14% of patients experienced nausea, 18% had pain and 8% required a repeat EGD. No serious adverse events reported.


When implemented as part of a multidisciplinary intervention, TORe using endolumenal suturing is safe, reproducible, and effective approach to manage weight recidivism after RYGB and should be utilized early in the management algorithm of these patients.

Gastrointest Endosc. 2019 Dec 7. pii: S0016-5107(19)32495-2. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2019.11.044. [Epub ahead of print]